Farm transmission and the commercialization of agriculture in northern Maine in the second half of the 19th century

Farm transmission and the commercialization of agriculture in northern Maine in the second half of the 19th century

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Title: Farm transmission and the commercialization of agriculture in northern Maine in the second half of the 19th century
Author: Craig, Béatrice
Abstract: The transition to capitalism has been one of the most discussed issues in the historiography of the rural United States in the 18th and 19th centuries, but the typology, and the “market revolution” construed upon it, are problematic. The article explores some of these problems by examining the commercialization of eastern Canadian agriculture, which was a prolonged process starting in the beginning of the 19th century in the St. Lawrence–Great Lakes axis and ending during the 1960s in the outlying parts of Quebec, Ontario, and the Maritime Provinces. It is difficult to identify clear trends in the numbers yielded by evidence from this region for the time period in question. Highly commercial farms were more likely than the others to transfer all their property to their children. Deficit farmers were much more likely than the others to transfer all their property to outsiders. But the data do not support the view that farmers who were keen on turning their farms into moneymaking businesses adopted property transmission practices that were markedly different from the others. And before the 1830s, there was really no need to have strategies in place because land was plentiful.
Date: 2005
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/12844

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