Bifurcating Mach Shock Reflections with Application to Detonation Structure

Bifurcating Mach Shock Reflections with Application to Detonation Structure

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Title: Bifurcating Mach Shock Reflections with Application to Detonation Structure
Author: Mach, Philip
Abstract: Numerical simulations of Mach shock reflections have shown that the Mach stem can bifurcate as a result of the slip line jetting forward. Numerical simulations were conducted in this study which determined that these bifurcations occur when the Mach number is high, the ramp angle is high, and specific heat ratio is low. It was clarified that the bifurcation is a result of a sufficiently large velocity difference across the slip line which drives the jet. This bifurcation phenomenon has also been observed after triple point collisions in detonation simulations. A triple point reflection was modelled as an inert shock reflecting off a wedge, and the accuracy of the model at early times after reflection indicates that bifurcations in detonations are a result of the shock reflection process. Further investigations revealed that bifurcations likely contribute to the irregular structure observed in certain detonations.
Date: 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20182
Supervisor: Radulescu, Matei I
Faculty: Génie / Engineering
Degree: MASc

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