Isolation and Characterization of Anti-SLP Single Domain Antibodies for the Therapy of C. difficile Infection

Isolation and Characterization of Anti-SLP Single Domain Antibodies for the Therapy of C. difficile Infection

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Title: Isolation and Characterization of Anti-SLP Single Domain Antibodies for the Therapy of C. difficile Infection
Author: Kandalaft, Hiba
Abstract: Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of death from gastrointestinal infections in Canada. Current antiobiotic treatment is non-ideal due to the high incidence of relapse and the rise in hyper-virulent antibiotic-resistant strains. Surface layer proteins (SLPs) cover the entire bacterial surface and mediate adherence to host cells. Passive and active immunization against SLPs greatly enhances survival in hamsters, suggesting that antibody-mediated bacterial neutralization may be an effective alternative therapeutic strategy. Using a recombinant-antibody phage display library, and SLPs from strain QCD 32g58 as bait antigen, we isolated and extensively characterized 11 SLP-specific recombinant single-domain antibodies (sdAbs), in terms of affinity and specificity, intrinsic stability, and ability to inhibit cell motility. Several sdAbs exhibit promising characteristics for a potential oral therapeutic based on their high affinity, high thermal stability, and resistance to pepsin digestion. Our study provides the basis of a proof-of-principle model with which to develop specific, broadly neutralizing and intrinsically stable antibodies for the oral therapy of C. difficile infections, as an alternative to conventional antibiotic treatment.
Date: 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20624
Supervisor: Tanha, Jamshid
Faculty: Médecine / Medicine
Degree: MSc

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