Accessibility, cultural affiliation and Indian reserve labour force development in Canada.

Accessibility, cultural affiliation and Indian reserve labour force development in Canada.

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Title: Accessibility, cultural affiliation and Indian reserve labour force development in Canada.
Author: Hoermann, Lesley.
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between the labour force development of Indian reserves in Canada and their physical accessibility to off-reserve communities designated as service centres. The second goal is to examine the relationship between the traditional cultural affiliation of reserves and their labour force development. The diffusionist and dependency development paradigms are considered to place the role of accessibility and cultural affiliation into the context of reserve development. A review of the literature investigating the influence of physical accessibility upon reserve development follows. The traditional Indian culture areas of Canada are introduced, as are the rationale for investigating the roles of these two factors in reserve development. The reserves were then classified into six samples representing cultural affiliation. These are the Iroquoian, Algonkian, Plains, Mackenzie River, Plateau, and Pacific Coast culture areas. Lastly, two culture areas are examined to gain further insight into the nature of differences amongst reserves falling into the same access category. Levels of education and mother tongues spoken in the Algonkian and Pacific Coast culture areas are compared to this end. In conclusion, the major differences amongst the samples are highlighted in terms of the hypotheses posed in this research. Some further avenues of inquiry are then suggested for future research. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Date: 1991
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/7906

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