Linking Preventable Hospitalisation Rates to Neighbourhood Characteristics within Ottawa

Linking Preventable Hospitalisation Rates to Neighbourhood Characteristics within Ottawa

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Titre: Linking Preventable Hospitalisation Rates to Neighbourhood Characteristics within Ottawa
Auteur: Prud'homme, Geneviève
Résumé: Enhancing primary care is key to the Canadian health care reform. Considered as an indicator of primary care access and quality, hospitalisations for ambulatory care sensitive (ACS) conditions are commonly reported by Canadian organisations as sentinel events signaling problems with the delivery of primary care. However, the literature calls for further research to identify what lies behind ACS hospitalisation rates in regions with a predominantly urban population benefiting from universal access to health care. A theoretical model was built and, using an ecological design, multiple regressions were implemented to identify which neighbourhood characteristics explained the socio-economic gradient in ACS hospitalisation rates observed in Ottawa. Among these neighbourhoods, healthy behaviour and - to a certain extent - health status were significantly associated with ACS hospitalisation rates. Evidence of an association with primary care accessibility was also signaled for the more rural neighbourhoods. Smoking prevention and cessation campaigns may be the most relevant health care strategies to push forward by policy makers hoping to prevent ACS hospitalisations in Ottawa. From a health care equity perspective, targeting these campaigns to neighbourhoods of low socio-economic status may contribute to closing the gap in ACS hospitalisations described in this current study. Reducing the socio-economic inequalities of neighbourhoods would also contribute to health equity.
Date: 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23136
Superviseur: Brand, Kevin
Kristjansson, Elizabeth
Faculté: Gestion / Management
Degré: MSc

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