Study of Inhibitory Effect of Epididymal Cres on Pc4/Pcsk4 Activity

Description
Titre: Study of Inhibitory Effect of Epididymal Cres on Pc4/Pcsk4 Activity
Auteur(s): Mishra, Priyambada
Date: 2011
Résumé: PC4/PCSK4 is the major Proprotein Convertase (PC) enzyme that plays a key role in mammalian fertilisation. It is detected in the acrosomal granules of round spermatids, acrosomal ridges of elongated spermatids and sperm plasma membrane overlying the acrosome with K-X-K/X-R as its preferred cleavage motif. Such motifs are present in male germ cell proteins ADAMs, proPACAP and proIGF-1/2 and these precursor proteins are processed most likely by PC4 during spermatogenesis, sperm maturation and sperm-egg interaction. For fertilization to occur, the mature sperm must penetrate the Zona Pelucida (ZP) and bind to the egg. Previously, PC4 null mouse sperm and wild type sperm treated with a specific PC4-inhibitor have shown to reduced abilities to penetrate the cumulus mass, bind to ZP and fertilize eggs. These findings suggest that sperm-PC4 plays an important role in fertilization and hence regulation of its activity is crucial for successful fertilization. But how PC4 activity is regulated in vivo is not yet clear. Recently, in epididymal fluid a serpin (serine protease inhibitor) called CRES has been described but the protease linked to this serpin in epididymis has not been identified. However in endocrine cells where CRES is also expressed, it inhibits PC2 enzyme. Thus based on localization and preliminary study, we propose that PC4 is the target enzyme for CRES in the reproductive tract. During sperm migration and storage in epididymis, sperm PC4 activity may be modulated by CRES so that premature sperm activation may not occur. Our data showed that CRES inhibits PC4 both in vitro (with IC50 in µM range) as well as ex vivo in human placenta trophoblast cell lines. Moreover CRES was found to be cleaved by PC4 suggesting a Serpin-Protease binding type of mechanism in the inhibition of protease activity. Taken together, we conclude that CRES regulates PC4 activity in reproductive tract crucial for mammalian fertilization.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/19954
CollectionThèses, 2009 - // Theses, 2009 -
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