|Abstract: ||The aim of this thesis is to investigate the effects of additives, reactive elements and impurities, on the lifetime of thermal barrier coatings. The thesis consists of a number of studies on interface adhesion, impurity diffusion, grain boundary sliding and cleavage processes and their impact on the mechanical behaviour of grain boundaries.
The effects of additives and impurity on interface adhesion were elaborated by using total energy calculations, electron localization and density of states, and by looking into the atomic separations. The results of these calculations allow the assessment of atomic level contributions to changes in the adhesive trend. Formation of new bonds across the interface is determined to improve the adhesion in reactive element(RE)-doped structures. Breaking of the cross interface bonds and sulfur(S)-oxygen(O) repulsion is found responsible for the decreased adhesion after S segregation.
Interstitial and vacancy mediated S diffusion and the effects of Hf and Pt on the diffusion rate of S in bulk NiAl are studied. Hf is shown to reduce the diffusion rate, and the preferred diffusion mechanism of S and the influence of Pt are revealed to be temperature dependent.
Finally, the effects of reactive elements on alumina grain boundary strength are studied. Reactive elements are shown to improve both the sliding and cleavage resistance, and the analysis of atomic separations suggest an increased ductility after the addition of quadrivalent Hf and Zr to the alumina grain boundaries.|