Kinematics and Kinetics of Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients during Gait and Stair Climbing: A Comparison of the Anterior and Lateral Surgical Approaches

Kinematics and Kinetics of Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients during Gait and Stair Climbing: A Comparison of the Anterior and Lateral Surgical Approaches

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Title: Kinematics and Kinetics of Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients during Gait and Stair Climbing: A Comparison of the Anterior and Lateral Surgical Approaches
Author: Varin, Daniel
Abstract: New surgical approaches for total hip arthroplasty (THA) are being developed to reduce muscle damage sustained during surgery, in the hope to allow better muscle functioning afterwards. The goal of this study was to compare the muscle sparing anterior (ANT) approach to a traditional lateral (LAT) approach with three-dimensional motion analysis. Kinematics and kinetics were obtained with an infrared camera system and force plates. It was hypothesized that (1) the ANT group would have closer to normal range of motion, moments and powers, compared to the LAT group, and that (2) the ANT group would have higher peak hip abduction moment than the LAT group. Forty patients undergoing unilateral THA for osteoarthritis between the ages of 50 and 75 (20 ANT, 20 LAT) were asked to perform three trials of walking, stair ascent and stair descent. Patients were assessed between six to twelve months postoperatively. Twenty age- and weight-matched control participants (CON) provided normative data. Results indicated that both THA groups had gait anomalies compared to the CON group. Both THA groups had reduced hip abduction moment during walking (CON vs. ANT: p<0.001; CON vs. LAT: p=0.011), and the ANT group had a significantly lower hip abduction moment compared to the LAT group (p=0.008). Similar results were observed during stair descent, where the ANT group had reduced peak hip abduction moment compared to the CON group (p<0.001) and the LAT group (p=0.014). This indicates that the anterior approach did not allow better gait and stair climbing ability after THA. It is therefore thought that other variables, such as preoperative gait adaptations, trauma from the surgery, or postoperative protection mechanisms to avoid loading the prosthetic hip, are factors that might be more important than surgical approach in determining the mechanics of THA patients after surgery.
Date: 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/19723
Supervisor: Lamontagne, Mario
Faculty: health
Degree: msc

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