Auto-Ignition of Liquid n-Paraffin Fuels Mixtures as Single Droplets Using Continuous Thermodynamics

Auto-Ignition of Liquid n-Paraffin Fuels Mixtures as Single Droplets Using Continuous Thermodynamics

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Title: Auto-Ignition of Liquid n-Paraffin Fuels Mixtures as Single Droplets Using Continuous Thermodynamics
Author: Sabourin, Shaun
Abstract: This thesis reports a model to predict the auto-ignition time of single droplets of n-paraffin fuel mixtures using the method of continuous thermodynamics. The model uses experimental data for pure fuels to fit rate parameters for a single-step global chemical reaction equation; from this, correlations for rate parameters as a function of species molecular mass are derived, which are integrated to produce a continuous thermodynamics expression for mixture reaction rate. Experiments were carried out using the suspended droplet-moving furnace technique. The model was then tested and compared to experimental data for three continuous mixtures with known compositions: one ranging from ¬n-octane to n-hexadecane, the second ranging from n-dodecane to n-eicosane, and the third being a combination of the first two mixtures to produce a “dumbbell” mixture. Discrete and continuous mixture models of the ASTM standard distillation test were compared to design the experimental mixtures and provide the distribution parameters of the continuous mixtures intended to simulate them. The results of calculations were found to agree very well with measured ignition times for the mixtures.
Date: 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20135
Supervisor: Hallett, William L.
Faculty: Génie / Engineering
Degree: masc

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