A Gain of Function Variant of the Mitochondrial Matrix Protease SPG7 Is Associated with Increased Risk of Coronary Artery Disease

A Gain of Function Variant of the Mitochondrial Matrix Protease SPG7 Is Associated with Increased Risk of Coronary Artery Disease

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Title: A Gain of Function Variant of the Mitochondrial Matrix Protease SPG7 Is Associated with Increased Risk of Coronary Artery Disease
Author: Almontashiri, Naif
Abstract: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified up to 30 loci that associate with increased risk of coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction. Here, I tested the function of one locus that changed the amino acid sequence of a mitochondrial matrix protease called paraplegin (SPG7) that performs critical quality assurance functions. Loss-of-function mutations in this protease are associated with hereditary spastic paraplegia. Here, I show that this variant that changes an arginine to a glutamine at position 688 within the protease domain is a gain-of-function. Cells bearing this variant have increased mitochondrial fusion and number, produce higher levels of reactive oxygen species and have increased cellular proliferation. Importantly, when expressed in yeast, the Q688 variant of SPG7 rescues the growth arrest caused by a protease-deficient mutation in AFG3L2. My study identifies a novel functional variant of SPG7 and highlights the need to go beyond the GWAS paradigm.
Date: 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/22665
Supervisor: Stewart, Alexander F R
Faculty: Médecine / Medicine
Degree: MSc

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