Acanthamoeba-Campylobacter Interactions

Title: Acanthamoeba-Campylobacter Interactions
Authors: Nguyen, Hai
Date: 2011
Abstract: Campylobacter jejuni is an avian commensal bacterium and causes gastrointestinal diarrhea in humans called campylobacteriosis. Campylobacteriosis is acquired by consumption of undercooked poultry contamined with C. jejuni. Poultry can become colonized from contaminated drinking water. The chicken flock and drinking water of 4 poultry farms in Ontario were sampled and the prevalence of C. jejuni in these flocks was determined to be 16.7% over a 1 year sampling period. We determined that contamined- water was a significant risk factor for Campylobacter-positive flocks from flaA typing, PFGE analysis, and genomotyping several isolated strains. Free living amoebae, such as Acanthamoeba species, live in the drinking water of poultry farms. It is hypothesized that Acanthamoeba in the drinking water of poultry farms can take up and act as environmental reservoirs of C. jejuni. Acanthamoeba species were isolated from the drinking water. Acanthamoeba strains were found to act as a vehicle for protection, persistence and growth of C. jejuni isolated from the farm water. The transcriptome of both C. jejuni and A. castellanii during the initial stages of C. jejuni internalization were described by RNA-seq. C. jejuni oxidative defence genes (such as katA, sodB, fdxA) and some other unknown genes (Cj0170, Cj1325, Cj1725) were found to be essential in the interaction with A. castellanii. Our findings suggest that Acanthamoebae act as a C. jejuni reservoir and could be a contributing source of C. jejuni in the environment. Through transcriptomics studies, we have begun to uncover some genetic clues involved in this interaction.
CollectionThèses, 2009 - // Theses, 2009 -