The Origin of Wave Blocking for a Bistable Reaction-Diffusion Equation : A General Approach

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Title: The Origin of Wave Blocking for a Bistable Reaction-Diffusion Equation : A General Approach
Authors: Roy, Christian
Date: 2012
Abstract: Mathematical models displaying travelling waves appear in a variety of domains. These waves are often faced with different kinds of perturbations. In some cases, these perturbations result in propagation failure, also known as wave-blocking. Wave-blocking has been studied in the case of several specific models, often with the help of numerical tools. In this thesis, we will display a technique that uses symmetry and a center manifold reduction to find a criterion which defines regions in parameter space where a wave will be blocked. We focus on waves with low velocity and small symmetry-breaking perturbations, which is where the blocking initiates; the organising center. The range of the tools used makes the technique easily generalizable to higher dimensions. In order to demonstrate this technique, we apply it to the bistable equation. This allows us to do calculations explicitly. As a result, we show that wave-blocking occurs inside a wedge originating from the organising center and derive an expression for this wedge to leading order. We verify our results with some numerical simulations.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/22704
CollectionThèses, 2009 - // Theses, 2009 -
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